Malcolm Knowles

Personal Vita

05/09/03

Compiled by Deborah Fiorini, Adult Education graduate student, Winter, 2003.

Name

Malcolm Shepherd Knowles.

(Malcolm Knowles; Malcolm S. Knowles; M. S. Knowles)

[source: Who's Who in America, Vol. 1, 1995, p. 2050]

Strategy Hints

Websites and books as listed in bibliography; Papers at Syracuse University, Arents Library.

[contact in library: Carolyn Davis, Arents Library]

Bio/historical Note

Born in Livingston, Montana, son of Albert Dixon and Marian (Straton) K. Married Hulda Elisabet Fortell on August 20, 1935. Children: Eric Stuart and Elisabeth Knowles Hartl. Died at the age of 84 at his home in Fayetteville, Arkansas. Served on the faculty in Education at N. Carolina State University, and Boston University. Has authored and co-authored over 18 books and 230 articles. Recipient of the Delbert-Clerk Award, 1967. National Training Labs Institute for Applied Behavioral Science Fellow, 1969.

[source: Who's Who in America, Vol. 1, 1995, p. 2050]

Birth Date

April 24, 1913

Source of Birth Date:

[source: Who's Who in America, Vol. 1, 1995, p. 2050]

Death Date

November 27, 1997

Source of Death Date:

[University of GA website listed in bibliography]

Education

1934 - A.B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

1949 - M.A., University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

1960 - Ph.D., University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

1975 - D.Sc. (hon.), Lowell Tech. Institute

1984 - D. Pedagogy (hon.), National College Education

1986 - D. Education (hon.), Regis College, Weston, Massachusetts

1986 - D. Administration (hon.), Northland Open University

1988 - D. Education (hon.), Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana

1991 - LHD, Empire State College

1992 - LHD (hon.), University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH

[source: Who's Who in America, Vol. 1, 1995, p. 2050]

Work History

1935-1940 - Department Administrator, National Youth Administration of Massachusetts, Boston, MA

1940-1943 - Director of Adult Education, YMCA, Boston, MA

1943-1944 - Director, USO, Detroit, MI

1944-1946 - Lt., United States Navy

1946-1951 - Executive Secretary, YMCA, Chicago, IL

1951-1959 - Executive Director of Adult Education Association of the U. S. A., Chicago, IL

1959-1974 - Professor of Education, Boston University, Boston, MA

1974-1979 - Professor of Education, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

1979 - Retired professor emeritus, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

1991 - Adjunct Professor, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AK

[source: Who's Who in America, Vol. 1, 1995, p. 2050; International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame website listed in bibliography]

Associated Subjects

AEA of the USA

Adult Learning

Andragogy

History of Adult Education

Humanistic Psychology

Informal Education

Learning Contracts

Lifelong Learning

Self-directed Learning

[source: National Louis University website listed in bibliography and Roger Hiemstra Website; Roger Hiemstra]

Associated People

Houle, Cyril O.; mentor of Malcolm Knowles at the University of Chicago

Knowles, Hulda; spouse and co-author

Lindeman, Edward C.; Malcolm Knowles worked under the supervision of Lindeman

Savicevic, Dusan; visiting Ygoslavian Adult Educator who acquainted Malcolm Knowles with the term Andragogy

[source: Roger Hiemstra]

Associated Organizations

Adult Education Association of the U.S.A. [AEA-USA].

Data Education, Inc.

Democratic National Committee

Free University Network

Future Directions for a Learning Society

Girl Scouts of the USA

HEW

Leadership Resources, Inc.

Massachusetts Department of Mental Health

National Council of Churches

NIMH

Overseas Education Fund

Project Association

UNESCO

Urban League

U.S. Catholic Conference

U.S. Departments Labor, Justice, Post Office

YMCA

[source: Various web sites]

Associated Events or Projects

And Now We Are People, Group W. Network, 1969

Host: TV Series The Dynamics of Leadership, NET, 1962.

Participated in conferences in N. America, Europe, S. America, Australia, Japan, S. Korea, Singapore and Bangkok

Participated in the formation and operation of the AEA of the USA

[source: Various web sites]

Associated Places

Boston, MA

Chicago, IL

Fayetteville, AR

Raliegh, NC

[source: Roger Hiemstra]

Publications

Knowles published over 230 articles and 18 books; which include the following:

Knowles, M. S. (1950). Informal adult education. New York: Association Press.

Knowles, M. S. (1975). Self-directed learning: A guide for learners and teachers. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall/Cambridge.

Knowles, M. S. (1977). The adult education movement in the United States (Revised Edition). Malabar, FL: Krieger.

Knowles, M. S. (1980). The modern practice of adult education: From. (Revised Edition). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall/Cambridge.

Knowles, M.S. (1986). Using learning contracts. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Knowles, M. S. (1989). The making of an adult educator: An autobigraphical journey. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Knowles, M. S. (1990). The adult learner: A neglected species (Revised Edition. Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.

Knowles, M. S., & Knowles, H. F. (1955). How to develop better leaders. New York: Association Press.

Knowles, M. S., & Knowles, H. F. (1959). Introduction to group dynamics.Chicago: Association Press. Revised edition 1972 published by New York: Cambridge Books.

Knowles, M. S., & Others. (1984). Andragogy in action: Applying modern principles of adult education. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

References to

Andrews, G. J. (1997). Remembering J. O .Grantham and Malcolm Knowles. University of Georgia web page. [On-line]. Available: http://www.gactr.uga.edu/gcq/gcqfall97/obits.html

Carlson, R. (1989). Malcolm Knowles: Apostle of andragogy. Chicago: National-Louis University, Department of Adult and Continuing Education web page. [On-line]. Available: http://nlu.nl.edu/ace/Resources/Knowles.html

Hiemstra, R. (2002). Malcolm Shepherd Knowles Papers 1930-1985. [On-line]. Available: http://www-distance.syr.edu/msk.html

International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame. (2002). Malcolm Knowles. Web page. [On-line]. Available: http://www.occe.ou.edu/halloffame/knowles.html

Smith, M. K. (2002). Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and anadragogy. The encyclopedia of informal education. [On-line]. http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-knowl.htm

Who's Who in America (49th Edition). (1995). Malcolm Shepherd Knowles. New York: Reed Reference Publishing Co., Vol. 1, A-K, p. 2050.

[sources: Various web sources; Roger Hiemstra]

[Postscript: Malcolm was inducted into the International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame in 1996.]


Updated March 27, 2011

-- Cross-reference to Project Vitae in Adult Education

-- Cross-reference to Adult Education History Project--Knowles' Personal Papers

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